Wto Agreement On Import Licensing Procedures
The agreement on import certificate procedures stipulates that import certificates must be simple, transparent and predictable so as not to become an obstacle to trade. The provisions of the agreement contain guidelines for the fair and non-discriminatory application of these procedures to protect members from inappropriate licensing requirements or delays. The agreement includes both “automatic” licensing systems for import monitoring only and “non-automatic” licensing systems under which certain conditions must be met before a licence is granted. Governments often use non-automatic licences to manage import restrictions such as quotas and tariff quotas (TRQs) or to manage security or other requirements (. B for example, for dangerous products, armaments, antiques, etc.). The provisions of the import licensing agreement discipline licensing procedures and do not directly take into account the coherence of the underlying measures within the WTO, which are implemented through licensing. WTO members must justify all licensing requirements. Explanation of the Agreement on Import Authorization Procedures Any U.S. company that exports goods to a WTO member country that requires import certificates for these products may benefit from this agreement. Non-automatic import certificates must not have any restrictive or distorting effects on imports in addition to imports resulting from the introduction of the restriction and must correspond, in terms of volume and duration, to the extent to which it is used (Article 3.2).
For example, the agreement requires governments to publish enough information for merchants to know how and why licenses are granted. It also describes how countries should notify the WTO when introducing new import authorisation procedures or amending existing procedures. Members who initiate authorization procedures or changes to these procedures are required to notify the committee within 60 days of publication. These communications should contain information on: licensed products; The point of contact for eligibility information Administrative application services; The date and name of publications in which licensing procedures are published, as well as copies of those publications; Whether licensing is automatic or not; The administrative purpose of automatic import authorization procedures; Action under a non-automatic import licensing procedure; and the expected duration of the authorisation procedures (Articles 5.1-5.4). The WTO Agreement on Import Certificate Procedures (Import Certificate Agreement) sets rules for all members regarding the use of import certificate systems to regulate their trade. Import certificate systems are administrative procedures that require the submission of an application or other documentation (which is not usually required for customs purposes) to an administrative authority designated as a precondition for importation. In addition to the import licence itself, the agreement also includes procedures related to a number of practices that meet this definition, including import permits, import or import authorizations, and import licences. Import certificates can be defined as administrative procedures that require the submission of an application or other documents (except those necessary for customs purposes) to the relevant administrative authority as a precondition for the importation of goods.
The main objectives of the agreement are the simplification and transparency of import authorisation procedures in order to ensure their fair and fair application and management and to prevent the procedures for issuing import certificates on their own, to restrictive effects or distortions of con