April 13, 2021 Uncategorized

The Geneva Agreement Vietnam War

All parties to the conference called for new elections, but could not agree on the details. Pham Van Dong proposed elections under the supervision of “local commissions. The United States, with the support of Britain and countries associated with Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia, has proposed UN oversight. Molotov opposed it, arguing for a commission with an equal number of communist and non-communist members, which could only determine “important” issues unanimously. [15] Negotiators could not agree on a date for the reunification elections. The DRV argued that the elections were to take place within six months of the ceasefire, and Western allies tried not to have a deadline. Molotov proposed June 1955, then later in 1955 and finally July 1956. [5]:610 The government supported the government of reunification, but only with effective international oversight; it argued that truly free elections were impossible in the totalitarian North. [16] Zhou Enlai reports on some last-minute agreements on conference procedures.

It was decided that the Korean delegation would speak first and that Thailand, Great Britain and the Soviet Union would take turns chairing the conference. The Geneva conference lasted until 21 July before signing a formal agreement. Among the terms of the Geneva Conventions were the following: the British and Communist Chinese delegations agreed, on the margins of the conference, on the revaluation of their diplomatic relations. [24] Behind the scenes, the U.S. and French governments continued to discuss the conditions for a possible U.S. military intervention in Indochina. [5]:563-6 Until May 29, the United States and the French had agreed that if the conference were not to conclude an acceptable peace agreement, Eisenhower would win congressional approval for military intervention in Indochina. [5]:568-9 After discussions with the Australian and New Zealand authorities, where it became clear that neither country would support a U.S. military intervention, the United States reported on the decline in morality of the French Union armed forces and the opposition of Army Chief Matthew Ridgway, the United States began to be moved by the intervention and continued to oppose a negotiated solution.

[5]569-73 At the beginning until mid-June, the United States began to consider leaving the French rather than supporting the French in Indochina rather than supporting the French, and that the United States supported the new indigenous states. This would remove the filth of French colonialism. Not ready to support the division or proposed intervention, until mid-June, the United States